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Photo Credits

FRONT COVER

Ernest Fiene, “Harmony and Achievement,” 1940, photo by Stan Ries. Figures painted from left to right, standing: Walter K. Marks, Samuel Klein, Samuel Deitsch (manufacturers and spokesmen for the industry), Stephen Voorhees (architect and chairman of the Vo­cational Advisory Commission), Morris Hillquit (founder and leader of the Socialist Party of America), Max Meyer (chairman of the Needlecraft Educational Commission), Senator Robert F. Wagner (New York), Raymond V. Ingersoll (Brooklyn Borough President), Mrs. Roger C. Bacon, Nathan Ohrbach (department store owner), Gustave Straubenmuller (pioneer in vocational education), and Luigi Antonin (first vice-president of the ILGWU).


ACKNOWLEDGMENT PAGE

Photograph of Number 7 train, Queens, by Joe Margolis.


CHANCELLOR’S LETTER

Photograph courtesy of CUNY.

 

MILESTONES CREDITS:


Fiene painting “Harmony and Achievement,” courtesy of the Peter A. Juley & Son Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum; Haymarket riot, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-796; Southern fish vendor, cour­tesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-DIG-det-4a10919; Iowa foreclosure, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Collection, LC-DIG-fsa-8b08252; Railroad arrives, courtesy of the University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library, BL000420; Abandoned town, courtesy of the Librhary of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Collection, Marion Post Walcott photographer, LC-USF34-050274-E; ; Roadside stand, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, Walker Evans, photogra­pher, LC-USF342-008253; Picking grapes, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-DIG-ds-00759; Empire Sewing Machine, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-pga-02736; Hospital Workers, courtesy of the National Union of Hospital and Healthcare Employ­ees Local 1199 Archives, Kheel Archives, Cornell University.


Aircraft construction class, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Collection, LC-DIG-fsa-8e11089; Ft. Factory, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-USZC4-7860; Richmond paper mill ruins, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-DIG-cwpb-00422; African American waiters, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, African American Photographs Assembled for the 1900 Paris Exposition, LC-DIG-ppmsca-08759; Negro store, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, African American Photographs Assembled for the 1900 Paris Exposition, LC-USZ62-68358; Mid-City Realty, courtesy of the Library of Con­gress, Prints & Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Collection, John Vachon, photographer, LC-USF33-016151-M5; Sam’s clothing store, courtesy of the University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections, Jewish Archives Collection, JEW0651; Mexican emi­grating, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-97491; Grand Coulee Dam, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Collection, LC-USW33-035035; Time Card, courtesy of the New York State Archives, Factory Investigating Commission, A3029-78, Box 1, Folder 5.


Westchester Thrift Shop, courtesy of the Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library, Collection# 23-2-749, item # AC-ER-16; Triangle Company fire escape, courtesy of the International Ladies’ Garment Workers Union Archives, Kheel Center, Cornell University; Female taxi drivers, courtesy of the University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections, UW11475; Chinatown sweatshop, courtesy of the UNITE Ar­chives, Kheel Center, Cornell University; Seattle cable car tracks, courtesy of the University of Washington Libraries, Special Collec­tions, Asahel Curtis Collection, A. Curtis 01885; Logging crew on railroad tracks, courtesy of the University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections, UW6956; Pittsburgh Mill District, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Collection, Jack Delano, photographer, LC-USF34-043202-D; Monongah Mining disaster, courtesy of the West Virginia and Regional History Collection. West Virginia University Libraries, 002464; Crystal Employment Agency, courtesy of the West Virginia and Regional History Collection, West Virginia University Libraries, 034094; Run on the bank, courtesy of the West Virginia and Regional History Collection, West Virginia Libraries, 011920; Organizing at Ford, courtesy of the Walter P. Reuther Library, Wayne State University, United Auto Workers Collection #370.


Louisiana inmates, courtesy of www.fonvillewinans.com; Cudahy packers, courtesy of the National Archives, Records of the Bureau of Animal Industry (17-PE-10); Riveter, courtesy of the National Archives, Records of the War Department, General and Special Staffs (165-WW-509B-4); Pineapple packers, courtesy of the National Archives, Records of the Women’s Bureau (86-G-5F-8); Women’s march, courtesy of the Denver Public Library; Banana Inspection, courtesy of the National Archives, Records of the Food and Drug Administration (88-GS-92-C1608); Carpentry shop with blades, courtesy of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners Collection, Special Collections, University of Maryland Li­braries; Water mill, courtesy of the New York State Archives, NYS Education Dept., Division of Visual Instruction, Instructional lantern slides, A3045, no. 10528; Olds car testing, courtesy of the Uni­versity of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library, BL000206SID; Lady Bird Johnson, courtesy of the Lyndon Baines Johnson Presidential Library; New Orleans women, courtesy of the Joseph Bauer Col­lection, Earl K. Long Library, University of New Orleans.


Transporting logs, courtesy of Michigan State University, Archives & Special Collections; Delicatessen, courtesy of Maureen Dren­nan; Sit-down strike, courtesy of the National Archives, Franklin D. Roosevelt Library; Flood refugees, courtesy of the Missis­sippi Department of Archives and History; Women working the mangle, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-DIG-nclc-05196, Photograph by Lewis Hine; Saigon Grill protesters courtesy of The New York Times; Prisoners on Mis­sissippi River landing, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-D4-34337; Salem Port, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-41172; Evicted sharecroppers, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Collection, John Vachon, photographer, LC-USF34-014008-E; Restaurant workers, courtesy of The New York Times.


Great West, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-DIG-pga-03002; Toward Los Angeles, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Divi­sion, LC-USZC4-8174, Dorothea Lange, photographer; Cleaning women, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, Dorothea Lange, photographer, LC-USF34-020020;

Dreamland fire, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-101974; Brownfield cleanup pro­gram, courtesy of Maureen Drennan; Homesteaders welcomed to St. Ignatius, MO, (678-1-16_7904549fca) courtesy of the Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana – Missoula; “Camp Depression,” courtesy of the Elwyn B. Robinson Department of Special Collections, Chester Fritz Library, University of North Dakota; Women holding motherboards, courtesy of the U.S. Army Photo number 163-12-62; Steinway & Sons action department, courtesy of the La Guardia and Wagner Archives, Steinway & Sons Collection, # 04.002.0037; Computer warfare, picture used with the permission of The MITRE Corporation.


Harriman’s Design for a Union Station, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-84052; Union baseball team, courtesy of the District 65 Collection, NYU, Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives; Standard Oil octopus, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-26205; Manufacturing plant, courtesy of IBM Archives; New Jersey-bound migrants, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Collection, Jack Delano, photographer, LC-USF34-040841-D; Caribou, ME, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Col­lection, Jack Delano, photographer, LC-DIG-fsac-1a33845; Inner Circle, courtesy of the La Guardia and Wagner Archives, CUNY; Gildo Spadoni, courtesy of the La Guardia and Wagner Archives, CUNY, Queens Local History Collection, 03.001.1271; Clothes rack, courtesy of the International Ladies’ Garment Workers Union Archives, Kheel Center, Cornell University; Women’s Land Army, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Divi­sion, LC-USZC4-5855; Fiesta at Taos, NM, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Collection, Russell Lee, photographer, LC-USF33-012870-MS.


 AGRICULTURE

Weeding sugar beets, courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration, EPA 412-DA-11420; Dust Bowl farm, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Divi­sion, LC-USZ62-130634.

THE GREAT MIGRATION

Jacob Lawrence, The Migration Series, Panel no. 1, 1940-41, © 2011 The Jacob and Gwendolyn Lawrence Foundation, Seattle/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York and The Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.; Union Terminal, Jacksonville, courtesy of the State Library and Archives of Florida; Sojourner Truth housing project courtesy of the University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library, BL004020; Jackie Robinson, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, Look Magazine Photograph Collec­tion, Photograph by Bob Sandberg, 1954.

ENTREPRENEURS

The Manhattan Co. water pump, mural by Ezra Winter, courtesy of the JP Morgan Chase Archives; Korean Grocers, courtesy of The New York Times; Filene’s Department Store, courtesy of the Rotch Visual Collections, Image 113383, Rotch Library of Architecture and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Madam C.J. Walker, courtesy of the Madam Walker/A’Lelia Walker Family Archives; Andrew Grove, courtesy of CUNY.

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

Gowanus Canal and Gulf of Mexico, courtesy of AP; Eagle Street rooftop, courtesy of the Eagle Street Rooftop Farm Press; Love Canal, courtesy of aegweb.com (Association of Environmental and Engineering Geologists).

JOBS, JUSTICE, FREEDOM

March on Washington, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, 03128u; Memphis picketers, courtesy of the Walter P. Reuther Library, Wayne State University, AFSCME Collection #7483.

TRANSPORTATION

American Railway, Slick, OK railroad station, and Erie Canal, all courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Divi­sion – American Railway LC-USZC2-3451, Slick OK LC-USF34-035220-D, Erie Canal LC-D4-12186.

UNDERGROUND ECONOMY

Man with axe, courtesy of the University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections, UW22113; Devil’s Harvest, courtesy of Leaf World; Mayor La Guardia, courtesy of the La Guardia and Wagner Archives, CUNY; Venice street performers, courtesy of Tara Jean Hickman; Nevada prostitute, courtesy of The New York Times Photo Archives.

LEISURE AND TOURISM

Atlantic City construction cranes, courtesy of AP; Beale Street, Memphis and Dreamland amusement park, Coney Island, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, Beale Street LC-USZ62-126575; Dreamland amusement park LC-D401-18315; Hawaii vacation, courtesy of Tara Jean Hickman; Atlantic City, courtesy of The New York Times..

 WORKERS

No. 1 Mine and Emerson Radio, courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration, Mine 245-MS-2524-L, Emerson 208-LU-38Z-2; San Francisco Shape Up, courtesy of the Inter­national Longshore and Warehouse Union; May Day marchers, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, Bain Collection, 3a51058.

THE WAR OF WEALTH

War of Wealth, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Pho­tographs Division, LC-USZC4-591; Wall Street protest, courtesy of Steven A. Levine; Countrywide Savings protest, courtesy of The New York Times.

MILITARY INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Todd Shipyards, courtesy of the Post-Intelligencer Collection, Museum of History and Industry, Seattle; U.S. Air Force Base, courtesy of Tara Jean Hickman; Computer warfare, courtesy of the U.S. Navy; Military town, courtesy of Kent Kanouse; Navy Yard button and Sailor, courtesy of Richard K. Lieberman.

ADVERTISING AND CREDIT

Nylon DuPont, courtesy of the Hagley Museum and Library; Kodak camera, courtesy of the Wayne P. Ellis Collection of Kodakiana – Database #K0014, Emergence of Advertising On-Line Project, John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, http://library.duke.edu/digitalcollections/eaa; Lucky Strike, accessed at http://lane.stanford.edu/tobacco/index.html “Not a Cough in a Carload: Images from the Tobacco Industry Campaign to Hide the Hazards of Smoking,” curated by Robert K. Jackler, MD, Lane Medical Library, Stanford University School of Medicine; Steinway & Sons, courtesy of the La Guardia and Wag­ner Archives, CUNY; Columbia Bicycle, courtesy of The New-York Historical Society.

INFORMATION

Arab Spring, courtesy of Essam Sharaf; War of the Worlds, courtesy of Warner Music Group ; Elizabeth Eckford, courtesy of The New York Times; New York Journal headline, public domain; Steve Jobs, courtesy of AP; Murrow, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-126481.